In the recent decade, there has been a rise in technological advancements in the field of joint replacement surgery in India, according to expert. Know how technological precision will help shape future of Joint replacement surgeries, specifically total knee replacement and total hip replacement procedures, have undeniably emerged as some of the most successful surgeries of this century.
New Delhi: The prevalence of osteoarthritis has increased to more than 113 per cent between 1990 to 2019. While reports say, most of the cases are being reported from India, China and the United States. A recent study released by the Lancet has revealed that around one billion people around the world are going to have osteoarthritis by 2050. In such a case, surgery is the last resort for many and for some, it becomes a necessity.
Dr Mrinal Sharma, HoD, Department of Orthopaedics, Amrita Hospital, Faridabad told News9, “Joint replacement surgeries, specifically total knee replacement and total hip replacement procedures, have undeniably emerged as some of the most successful surgeries of this century. These interventions have consistently demonstrated remarkable outcomes, alleviating patients’ excruciating pain and substantially improving their quality of life. However, the recent decade has witnessed a remarkable influx of technological advancements in the field of joint replacement surgery, elevating already successful outcomes to near perfection.”
Today, healthcare facilities worldwide are harnessing cutting-edge technology to offer patients care that aligns with international standards, ensuring the best possible results. Let us take a look at some of the modalities used to help give patients the best care.
One groundbreaking modality that has revolutionized joint replacement surgery is navigation technology. Patients suffering from knee and hip pain often exhibit complex joint deformities. Navigation technology plays a pivotal role in such cases by providing surgeons with precise data on the extent of joint deformity. Armed with this invaluable information, surgeons can execute corrections with unparalleled accuracy, ensuring optimal outcomes. In instances where deformities are exceptionally intricate, 3D printing technology steps in as a critical ally. A patient-specific joint model is meticulously crafted through 3D printing, enabling surgeons to pre-plan the surgery. This preoperative planning not only saves valuable surgical time but also mitigates the risks associated with prolonged procedures, fostering swifter patient recovery, noted Dr Sharma.
Dr Mrinal Sharma said, “In tandem with 3D printing, healthcare specialists are increasingly leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) modalities, including augmented reality, to plan and execute surgeries. The incorporation of AI empowers surgeons to simulate each step of the surgical procedure in a virtual environment before the actual operation. This meticulous planning ensures that patients receive nothing short of the best possible treatment. Surgeons can visualize the intricacies of the surgery, anticipate potential challenges, and fine-tune their approach, all before setting foot in the operating room.”
The culmination of these innovative modalities takes place in the realm of surgical robotics. Here, a highly skilled and experienced surgeon collaborates with a sophisticated robotic system to deliver unparalleled outcomes. The surgeon meticulously plans every aspect of the surgery, and the robotic system interprets and executes this data with remarkable precision. Throughout the procedure, the surgeon maintains active oversight, monitoring and verifying each step performed by the robot. This collaborative synergy between human expertise and robotic precision ensures that the surgery unfolds flawlessly. The result is a harmonious blend of human skill and machine accuracy, ultimately leading to the best possible results for patients.
As technology continues its relentless march forward, the field of joint replacement surgery remains poised for further advancement. Newer and even more sophisticated modalities are on the horizon, consistently delighting healthcare professionals and surgeons alike. These innovations not only streamline surgical procedures but also empower medical practitioners to serve their patients with ever-increasing effectiveness. Patients can now benefit from procedures that are not only highly successful but also remarkably precise and personalized. With ongoing advancements, the future holds the promise of further enhancing the quality of care, ultimately improving the lives of countless individuals suffering from joint-related ailments.